PeruPeru is an extremely biodiversity country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains vertically extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river. Peruvian territory was home to ancient cultures spanning from the Norte Chico civilization in Caral, one of the oldest in the world, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Colombian America. The Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty with its capital in Lima. The mixture of cultural traditions resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.
Data Base: Wikipedia