Argentina shares the bulk of the Southern Cone with its neighbor Chile, and it is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north; Brazil to the northeast; Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east; Chile to the west and the Drake Passage to the south. The earliest recorded human presence in the area of modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century. Argentina has the second largest economy in South America and it is also a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Mercosul, Union of South American Nations, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Argentina is characterized by its cultural offerings and its ample and varied natural assets. by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km (4,655 mi). It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile. Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. Independence was achieved in 1822. Brazil has the world’s largest population of Roman Catholics and is the world’s most populous Catholic majority country. One of the world’s major breadbaskets, Brazil has been the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. Natural areas are the most popular tourism. The combination of ecotourism with leisure and recreation, mainly sun and beach, and adventure travel, makes Brazil the most visit country in Americas. Among the most popular destinations in Brazil, you will be able to find: the Amazon Rainforest, beaches and dunes in the Northeast Region, the Pantanal in the Center-West Region, beaches at Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina, cultural tourism in Minas Gerais and business trips to São Paulo city.
Data Base: Wikipedia