Uruguay is bordered by Argentina to its west and Brazil to its north and east, with the “Río de la Plata” (River of Silver) to the south and with the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast. Portugal established Colonia del Sacramento, one of the oldest European settlements in the country, in 1680. Montevideo (the capital) was founded as a military stronghold by the Spanish in the early 18th century, signifying the competing claims over the region. Uruguay won its independence between 1811 and 1828, following a four-way struggle between Spain, Portugal, Argentina and Brazil. The tradition of the “gaucho” has been an important element in the art and folklore of both Uruguay and Argentina and it could be found in music, cosine and literature. Argentina shares the bulk of the Southern Cone with its neighbor Chile, and it is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north; Brazil to the northeast; Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east; Chile to the west and the Drake Passage to the south. The earliest recorded human presence in the area of modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century. Argentina has the second largest economy in South America and it is also a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Mercosur, Union of South American Nations, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Argentina is characterized by its cultural offerings and its ample and varied natural assets.
Data Base: Wikipedia